Nalgonda Rice Farming

Overview

The Nalgonda Rice Farming project enrolls rice farmers in a program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by improving their rice cultivation practices in the Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India. Farmers participating will be rewarded with a portion of the proceeds from the sale of carbon credits. Rice farming accounts for substantial methane emissions from the resultant anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in the soil in flooded rice paddies. The improved cultivation practices and resulting emission reductions are achieved through implementing Alternate Wetting and Drying (“AWD”) and/or Direct-Seeded Rice (“DSR”) farming methods. These improved agricultural methods results in reduction of water and energy consumption in the paddy fields.

The Nalgonda Rice Farming project is being developed by Core CarbonX Solutions Pvt Ltd. and its services provider, Core CarbonX Solutions Private Limited (collectively, “Core CarbonX”), as a grouped project under the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) of Verra. The project aims to enroll 40,000 hectares, with full enrollment anticipated by the end of 2022. The project is expected to reduce approximately 2.5 million tCO2e of emissions over seven years and generate an equivalent number of carbon credits. 

Impact Highlights

Avoiding Methane Emissions

Traditional rice farming accounts for substantial methane emissions from the resultant anaerobic decomposition of soil in flooded rice paddies. By converting from continuous flooding to AWD methods and from the transplanting of seeds to the DSR method, methane emissions can be reduced by up to 50%. Methane has more than 80 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide in the first 20 years of reaching the atmosphere; therefore reducing methane helps limit near-term temperature rise and delivers action towards the UN Global Methane Pledge.

Reducing Water and Energy Consumption

The conventional rice cultivation practice of continuous flooding requires large amounts of water. By converting to the AWD protocol, water usage is expected to decrease up to 30%, resulting in energy conservation from reduced water pumping. Field water tubes will be installed to monitor water depth so farmers know when to irrigate their fields. In addition, the DSR method establishes a rice crop from seeds sown in the field rather than transplanting seedlings from a nursery. This provides an opportunity for earlier crop establishment to make better use of early season rainfall and uses less water with high efficiency.

Encouraging Sustainable Farming

Through partnerships with communities and local universities, the project intends to educate local rice farmers on the AWD and DSR methods and their benefits and provide implementation training. In addition to reducing methane emissions and conserving water and energy, these improved cultivation practices make rice production more efficient, dependable, and sustainable, helping to meet growing demand for this staple food while minimizing adverse environmental impacts.

Carbon Credits

The Nalgonda Rice Farming project is expected to generate 2.5 million carbon credits over seven years, in a range of approximately 300,000 to 400,000 credits annually. A portion of the revenue from the sale of the carbon credits will flow back to Core CarbonX (the project partner) and the farmers participating in the project.

Key Attributes

Project Type

Avoidance / Reduction

Project Category

Agricultural

Standard Body

Verra (VCS) Project ID: 3238

Number of UN SDGs

6 targeted

Initial Credit Issuance

Expected in the second half of 2023

Key Attributes

Project Type

Avoidance / Reduction

Project Category

Agricultural

Standard Body

Verra (VCS) Project ID: 3238

Number of UN SDGs

6 targeted

Initial Credit Issuance

Expected in the second half of 2023

Project Partner

Core Carbonx logo

Core CarbonX is a climate and sustainability consulting organization that has worked with businesses and communities across a number of Asian and African countries for over 15 years. Core CarbonX uses its expertise, knowledge, and technology in emission reduction programs to incorporate ideas into sustainable business practices for enterprises, governments, and organizations concerned about climate change. It has been active in both the voluntary and compliance carbon markets, facilitating the generation of one million carbon credits from renewable energy and nature-based solutions.

Carbon Streaming’s innovative climate financing allows us to leverage our considerable expertise to provide enrolled farmers with tools to farm more sustainably and reduce methane emissions.